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Dandruff –symptoms, Causes And Treatment With Home Remedies

Dandruff – Symptoms, causes and treatment

Dandruff is a common scalp condition characterized by the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. It often leads to the appearance of white flakes in the hair and on clothing. While dandruff is not a serious medical condition, it can be embarrassing and uncomfortable for those who experience it.

Causes of Dandruff:

Here are some of the primary causes of dandruff.

  1. Irregular or wrong method of brushing.
  2. Not using the right shampoo as per your hair type.
  3. Stress and anxiety.
  4. Some kinds of medical conditions like Parkinson’s disease, eczema etc.
  5. Improper diet or poor nutrition.
  6. Genetics
  7. Pollution, heat and sweat
  8. Poor scalp hygiene or irregular hair washing.
  9. Now that you know the common causes of dandruff, let us know about some natural home remedies for dandruff to treat the problem.

There are several treatments available to help manage and reduce dandruff symptoms:

Regular Shampooing: Regularly washing your hair with a mild shampoo can help remove excess oil and dead skin cells from the scalp. However, excessive shampooing can strip the scalp of natural oils, leading to dryness, so find a balance that works for you.


Anti-Dandruff Shampoos: There are numerous over-the-counter shampoos specifically designed to treat dandruff. Look for shampoos containing active ingredients like:

Pyrithione Zinc: This ingredient helps control the growth of the yeast that can contribute to dandruff.

Salicylic Acid: It helps exfoliate the scalp by promoting the shedding of dead skin cells.

Ketoconazole: An antifungal agent that can effectively combat the yeast that contributes to dandruff.

Selenium Sulfide: Helps slow down the growth of skin cells and reduce the level of yeast on the scalp.

Different shampoos work for different individuals, so you might need to try a few to find the one that suits you best. Follow the instructions on the product label for best results.

Coal Tar Shampoos: Coal tar shampoos can help slow down the rapid growth of skin cells on the scalp, which is a common factor in dandruff. They can be effective, but they may also discolor light-colored hair and have a strong smell.

Natural Remedies: Some natural remedies may offer relief for mild dandruff. These include:

While home remedies may not work for everyone, some individuals find relief from dandruff using natural ingredients. Keep in mind that the effectiveness of these remedies can vary from person to person. Here are some commonly used home remedies for dandruff:


Tea Tree Oil: Tea tree oil has antifungal properties that can help control the growth of the yeast responsible for dandruff. Mix a few drops of tea tree oil with a carrier oil (like coconut or jojoba oil) and massage it into your scalp. Leave it on for about 30 minutes before washing your hair.


Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) Rinse: Mix equal parts of apple cider vinegar and water and use it as a final rinse after shampooing. It can help balance the scalp's pH and reduce dandruff. Be sure to dilute the ACV to avoid skin irritation.


Coconut Oil: Coconut oil has moisturizing and antifungal properties. Warm up a small amount of coconut oil and gently massage it into your scalp. Leave it on for a few hours or overnight before washing your hair.


Yogurt: Apply plain yogurt to your scalp and let it sit for about 30 minutes before rinsing it out. Yogurt contains probiotics that might help balance the scalp's microbiome.


Aloe Vera Gel: Aloe vera has soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. Apply fresh aloe vera gel to your scalp, leave it on for about 30 minutes, and then wash your hair.


Baking Soda: Baking soda can help exfoliate the scalp and reduce flakes. Mix a tablespoon of baking soda with water to form a paste, then gently massage it into your scalp before rinsing thoroughly.


Lemon Juice: The acidity in lemon juice can help balance the scalp's pH and reduce dandruff. Mix lemon juice with water and apply it to your scalp, leaving it on for a few minutes before rinsing.


Oatmeal Mask: Grind oatmeal into a fine powder and mix it with water to create a paste. Apply the paste to your scalp, leave it on for 20-30 minutes, and then wash your hair.


Fenugreek Seeds: Soak fenugreek seeds overnight and blend them into a paste. Apply the paste to your scalp, leave it on for about 30 minutes, and then rinse thoroughly.


Neem (Indian Lilac): Neem has antifungal and antibacterial properties. Boil neem leaves in water, let the water cool, and then use it to rinse your hair after shampooing.

Maintain a Healthy Diet: A balanced diet rich in vitamins and nutrients can contribute to overall scalp health. Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish, flaxseeds, and walnuts may help reduce inflammation.

Manage Stress: Stress can exacerbate many skin conditions, including dandruff. Practice stress-reduction techniques such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing to help manage dandruff.


If your dandruff persists despite trying these treatments, or if it is accompanied by severe itching, redness, or inflammation, it's advisable to consult a dermatologist. They can provide a more accurate diagnosis and recommend specialized treatments if necessary.